Current Affairs

Current Affairs - 7 (Drip Irrigation)

Current Affairs - 7 (Drip Irrigation)

03 May 2020

Drip Irrigation

1. Per Drop More Crop component of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY-PDMC) is operational in the country from 2015-16. The PMKSY- PDMC focuses on enhancing water use efficiency at farm level through Micro Irrigation viz. Drip and Sprinkler irrigation.
2. 
The Government provides financial assistance @ 55% for small and marginal farmers and @ 45% for other farmers for installation of Drip and Sprinkler Irrigation systems. In addition, some States provide additional incentives/top up subsidy for encouraging farmers to adopt Micro Irrigation.
3. 
42.15 lakh ha (Drip 22.81 lakh ha & Sprinkler 19.34 lakh ha) has been covered under PMKSY-PDMC since 2015-16 till date
4. 
Drip irrigation, also known as trickle irrigation, functions as its name suggests.
5. 
Water is delivered at or near the root zone of plants, drop by drop.
6. 
This method can be the most water-efficient method of irrigation, if managed properly, since evaporation and runoff are minimized.
7. 
In modern agriculture, drip irrigation is often combined with plastic mulch, further reducing evaporation, and is also a means of delivery of fertilizer.
8. 
The process is known as fertigation.
9. 
This method was first introduced in Israel.
10. 
In India this method is more useful in areas in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Kerala, & Karnataka.

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